Ganier Marine, « Enquête ethnographique sur l’expression des rôles de genre dans les quartiers de chirurgie esthétique de Séoul et Pusan, septembre-octobre 2016 »

Le néoconfucianisme, devenu principe organisateur de la société coréenne pendant la période Chosŏn (1392 – 1897), a instauré un système assujettissant les femmes aux hommes. La société sud-coréenne actuelle a partiellement hérité de ce système et le pays demeure très en retard sur les questions d’égalité homme-femme1. Aujourd’hui encore, dans une société caractérisée par un phénomène de « passions esthétiques »2, les femmes sud-coréennes sont bien souvent réduites à leur apparence physique. Depuis une vingtaine d’années en effet, l’apparence physique occupe une place primordiale dans les relations interpersonnelles et dans la société sud-coréenne en général. Les individus, sans distinction de genre, recourent à divers moyens afin de faire correspondre leurs corps aux idéaux de beauté. Parmi les méthodes employées, la chirurgie esthétique est certainement la plus radicale.

Pourtant, celle-ci se banalise, tant dans les représentations que dans les pratiques. Les cliniques de chirurgie esthétique se regroupent dans des quartiers spécialisés que nous appelons dans cette étude des quartiers de chirurgie esthétique. Le quartier le plus emblématique qui a accueilli les premières implantations de cliniques dans les années 1980, est la zone autour de la station Apgujŏng, dans l’arrondissement huppé de Kangnam. Mis à part l’arrondissement Kangnam à Séoul, où sont regroupées près de la moitié des cliniques du pays, les plus grandes agglomérations ont le monopole pour le reste de la Corée : Pusan, suivie de Taegu et Taejŏn. Notre démarche croise études urbaine="identifie deutementGaSCOR.png">GaSCOR. sseiglt="" wid7h="300" heig36-63prcseeig: https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/534/files/2017/é à enediffrtales cliniffre de chirunore esthét-ier Ma-le">GaSCOR e_03wbody: https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/534/files/2017/é à enediffrtales cliniffre de chirunore esthét-ier Ma-le">GaSCOR-157SCOR th=wbody: https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/534/files/2017/é à enediffrtales cliniffre de chirunore esthét-ier Ma-le">GaS768x403SCOR 768wbody: https://f-origin.hypotheses.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/534/files/2017/é à enediffrtales cliniffre de chirunore esthét-ier Ma-le">GaS5OR-362SCOR 5ORw63p44 foc(max-="" w: 70op:) e_0vwbo7h=p:ar21" /><1>

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